Physical education plays a critical role in the development of children, and laying a solid foundation by focusing on fundamental movement skills in early childhood is crucial for long-term success in sports and overall well-being. Sprint Active Education, as a market-leading sports and physical education company, understands the importance of nurturing these skills in young children. By offering comprehensive programmes tailored to support the development of fundamental movement skills, we ensure that children build the foundation for a healthy and active lifestyle.

Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are the building blocks for physical activity, promoting children’s ability to perform more complex sports-specific skills as they grow. These skills comprise three categories: locomotor skills (e.g., running, jumping, hopping), non-locomotor skills (e.g., balancing, twisting, bending), and manipulative skills (e.g., throwing, catching, kicking). Children can enhance their physical fitness, self-confidence, and overall motor development by mastering these skills from an early age.

Developing fundamental movement skills in early childhood has numerous long-lasting benefits, including improved athletic performance, increased physical activity levels, and reduced risk of obesity. Additionally, children who develop strong FMS tend to have better academic performance and cognitive function, as regular physical activity stimulates brain development and enhances their ability to concentrate and retain information.

In this article, we will explore the importance of developing fundamental movement skills in early childhood and provide practical strategies for parents and educators to promote these skills in young children. Focusing on FMS early on ensures that children reap the benefits of physical activity and establish the foundations for a healthy, active lifestyle. Dive into the world of fundamental movement skills and discover how you can contribute to fostering a solid physical and cognitive foundation in a child’s life.

Strategies for Developing Locomotor Skills

Locomotor skills form one of the three primary categories of fundamental movement skills. These skills involve coordinated movements that propel the body through space, including running, jumping, and hopping. Parents and educators can engage children in various activities and games to develop these critical skills:

  • Encourage age-appropriate games like “follow the leader,” where children mimic various forms of locomotion demonstrated by a leader.
  • Provide a variety of surfaces, such as grass, sand, or mats, for children to explore and practice locomotor skills in different environments.
  • Offer opportunities for children to engage in physical activities that focus on jumping, landing, and static balance to support the development of locomotor skills.

Cultivating Non-Locomotor Skills

Non-locomotor skills involve body movements that do not move the body from one place to another, such as bending, twisting, and balancing. These skills contribute to body stability, flexibility, and overall coordination. To support the development of non-locomotor skills in young children, consider the following ideas:

  • Integrate stretching and body awareness activities into daily routines, helping children understand their body’s movements and limitations.
  • Incorporate yoga or dance, both of which can improve balance, flexibility, and body awareness, into physical education programmes.
  • Encourage imaginative play, allowing children to imitate animals or characters, fostering creativity and various non-locomotor movements.

Enhancing Manipulative Skills

Manipulative skills involve using body parts to control an object, such as throwing, kicking, and catching. As children develop these skills, they can better engage in sports and physical activities that require hand-eye or foot-eye coordination. To enhance manipulative skills in young children, consider:

  • Utilising varying sizes, shapes, and weights of balls and beanbags to promote object control and manipulation.
  • Introducing a range of activities that require striking, catching, or propelling objects, such as swinging a bat to hit a ball or playing catch with friends.
  • Providing opportunities for children to participate in team sports such as football, basketball, or netball, which facilitates the development of manipulative skills.

Incorporate Fun and Engaging Exercises

Combining fun and engaging exercises with fundamental movement skills development can encourage persistence and enjoyment throughout the learning process. Children who enjoy participating in physical activities are more likely to be motivated to continue practising and refining their skills. This can contribute to a lifelong appreciation for physical activity and a healthy lifestyle.

  • Design enjoyable and interactive games that incorporate a range of fundamental movement skills.
  • Celebrate individual progress and growth, creating an environment that promotes effort and improvement rather than focusing solely on skill mastery.
  • Adapt physical activities to accommodate varying abilities, ensuring each child can participate in a meaningful and enjoyable way.


Developing fundamental movement skills in early childhood is vital for fostering a solid foundation in physical education, contributing to athletic success, academic achievement, and overall well-being. Parents and educators can lay the groundwork for a healthy and active lifestyle by equipping children with locomotor, non-locomotor, and manipulative skills. Sprint Active Education understands the importance of nurturing these skills from an early age and offers a range of before-school childcare programmes to promote fundamental movement skills in young children. Embrace the power of physical education and explore our programmes today, enabling every child to reach their full potential.